Understanding Basic Candlestick Charts for Crypto Trading
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Understanding Basic Candlestick Charts for Crypto Trading

In this comprehensive article, traders are introduced to the fundamental concepts of candlestick charts and how they can be utilized effectively in cryptocurrency trading.

Imre Miko

Imre Miko

CMO - b-cube.ai

6 min
Back to blog

Understanding Basic Candlestick Charts for Crypto Trading

July 27, 2023 at 10:09 AM

In this comprehensive article, traders are introduced to the fundamental concepts of candlestick charts and how they can be utilized effectively in cryptocurrency trading.

When it comes to trading cryptocurrencies, having a solid understanding of candlestick charts is paramount. Candlestick charts are a popular and effective tool used by traders to analyze price movements and make informed decisions. In this article, we'll delve into the basics of candlestick charts and explore how they can be utilized to trade crypto pairs successfully.

What is a Candlestick Chart?

A candlestick chart is a visual representation of price movements over a specific period. Each candlestick on the chart represents the price action during that time frame, which can be as short as a minute or as long as a month, depending on the trader's preference. The chart is comprised of individual candlesticks, each consisting of a body and wicks (or shadows) at both ends.

Candlestick charts are quite fascinating in the world of cryptocurrency trading. Unlike other price charts that show limited information, candlestick charts offer a wealth of insights within a single bar. While traditional line charts only display closing prices, these charts encapsulate the opening, closing, high, and low prices for each chosen time frame. As a result, traders can swiftly grasp the market's sentiment and the tug-of-war between bulls and bears during that specific period. The visual nature of candlestick charts proves invaluable in spotting patterns and trends, making them an indispensable tool for both new and seasoned traders exploring the dynamic realm of cryptocurrencies.

Understanding the Candlestick Components

The candlestick components hold the key to unraveling the price action mysteries in crypto trading. The body of the candle, whether bullish or bearish, signifies the opening and closing prices, giving traders a clear view of market direction. Meanwhile, the wicks or shadows at both ends of the candle reveal the price range, indicating the highest and lowest prices reached during that time frame.

By carefully observing these components, traders can gauge the market's volatility and identify potential turning points or areas of support and resistance. As a result, mastering the interpretation of candlestick components equips traders with a powerful analytical tool, empowering them to make informed decisions in the fast-paced and ever-evolving world of crypto pairs trading.

Body: The rectangular-shaped body represents the opening and closing prices of an asset within the selected time frame. If the closing price is higher than the opening price, the body is typically colored green or white, indicating a bullish (positive) candlestick. Conversely, if the closing price is lower than the opening price, the body is usually colored red or black, indicating a bearish (negative) candlestick.

Wicks (Shadows): The lines extending from the top and bottom of the body are known as wicks or shadows. They represent the price range during the time frame. The upper wick indicates the highest price reached, while the lower wick shows the lowest price attained. These wicks are critical in understanding the price volatility within the given period.

Basic Candlestick Patterns

Bullish Engulfing Pattern: This pattern occurs when a small bearish candle is followed by a larger bullish candle that completely engulfs the previous one. It often indicates a potential bullish trend reversal.

Bearish Engulfing Pattern: The opposite of the bullish engulfing pattern, this formation consists of a small bullish candle followed by a larger bearish candle that engulfs the prior one. It suggests a potential bearish trend reversal.

Hammer: A bullish hammer candlestick has a small body and a long lower wick, resembling a hammer. It indicates potential trend reversals and can be a signal to go long (buy) in the market.

Shooting Star: Conversely, the shooting star is a bearish candlestick with a small body and a long upper wick. It implies a possible trend reversal and may signal a selling opportunity.

Morning Star: The morning star is a bullish candlestick pattern that appears on a price chart, hinting at a potential trend reversal from a downtrend to an uptrend. This three-candle pattern unfolds as follows:

The first candle is a bearish candle, representing the continuation of the existing downtrend.

The second candle is a small-bodied candle that can be either bullish or bearish. Its small size reflects indecision in the market.

The third candle is a bullish candle with a larger body, indicating a strong surge in buying pressure. The bullish candle closes well above the midpoint of the first bearish candle.

The Morning Star pattern suggests that the bears are losing control, and the bulls are gaining momentum, potentially signaling a shift towards a bullish market trend. Traders often interpret this pattern as a signal to go long or place a buy order, anticipating a price rise in the near future. However, like all candlestick patterns, it is essential to combine the Morning Star formation with other technical indicators and conduct thorough analysis to validate its reliability before making trading decisions in the volatile world of cryptocurrencies.

Doji: Doji candlesticks are intriguing formations in the world of candlestick charts, signaling a delicate balance between buyers and sellers. These candles have almost equal opening and closing prices, resulting in an extremely short or non-existent body. As a consequence, the appearance of a Doji suggests indecision and a potential market reversal. Traders often interpret Doji candles as a sign of a standoff between bulls and bears, leading to uncertainty in the market.

The length of the wicks on either side of the Doji provides additional insight into the intensity of the battle. A long upper and lower wick indicates higher price volatility, whereas a Doji with shorter wicks suggests a more stable market. Traders must keep a close eye on Doji candlesticks, as they can foreshadow significant price movements and serve as a vital part of their crypto trading strategy.

How to Use Candlestick Charts for Crypto Trading

Identify Trends: Analyzing candlestick patterns helps traders identify trends, whether bullish, bearish, or ranging. By recognizing the patterns that emerge on the chart, traders can make better-informed decisions.

Support and Resistance Levels: Candlestick charts help identify key support and resistance levels, which are crucial for setting entry and exit points for trades.

Time Frame Selection: Choosing the right time frame is essential. Shorter time frames, like 5 or 15 minutes, are suitable for day traders, while longer time frames, such as daily or weekly, are more suitable for long-term investors.

Confirming Indicators: Combining candlestick analysis with technical indicators like Moving Averages, MACD, or RSI can provide additional confirmation for potential trade opportunities.

Candlestick charts are powerful tools that can significantly enhance a trader's ability to analyze crypto price movements and make well-informed decisions. By understanding the basic candlestick patterns and their interpretations, traders can gain a valuable edge in the dynamic and volatile world of cryptocurrency trading. Remember to practice and familiarize yourself with different candlestick patterns and always apply risk management strategies to protect your capital. Happy trading!


Trading cryptocurrencies involves risk. The information provided on this website does not constitute investment advice, financial advice, trading advice, or any other sort of advice and you should not treat any of the article’s content as such. Author, website or the company associated with them does not recommend that any cryptocurrency should be bought, sold, or held by you. Do conduct your own due diligence and consult your financial advisor before making any investment decisions. Lastly, this article is not targeted at French citizens or residents.

Imre Miko

Imre Miko

CMO - b-cube.ai